The following Bibliography represents a listing of books, pamphlets, articles and private correspondence utilized or found of interest in compiling Al Khamsa Arabians III.

This Bibliography is not meant to be a complete listing of books of interest, nor is it intended to represent an endorsement of all material in all the selections. The last section contains books that are concerned primarily with the Middle East in general and Arabia and its people in particular.

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Stud Books, Herd Books & Registry Publications

Arab Horse Society: The Arab Horse Society Stud Books, Vols. I‑XV (1919‑1986); privately published, England. Illustrated with photographs and some ancestral information. Early volumes also give horse markings and show results.

Arab Horse Society of South Africa: South African Arabian Stud Book, Vols. I–III, Bloemfontein, Orange Free State, South Africa, n.d. (c1960–76).

Arabian Horse Association of America and Arabian Horse Trust: Archives of Importation Documents; Westminster, Colorado.

Arabian Horse Club of America: The Arabian Horse Journal; Lakeside Press, Chicago, 1943. Published to inform registry members about the state of the registry and provide interesting material about the Arabian horse, some written by various authors around the globe. It includes mention of recent importations such as *Turfa, information about breeding in England and information on breeding the Arabian horse at the RAS in Egypt, among others.

Arabian Horse Club of America (later Arabian Horse Registry of America, later Arabian Horse Association): The Arabian Stud Book, Vols. 1909 and I‑IV (1913–37); Vol. V (1944) to Vol. LXIII (1991); privately published, New York, Chicago and Denver. Illustrated with photographs of interest to Al Khamsa enthusiasts, some (particularly the earliest volumes and supplements, which give markings and strain information) representing ancestors no longer included in current Al Khamsa pedigrees.

Arabian Horse Society of Australia, Ltd.: Australian Arabian Horse Stud Book, Vols. 1–12 (beginning in 1960), Vols. 1–3 entitled The Austra-lasian Arabian Horse Stud Book; privately published, Australia.

Arabian Horse Trust : The Arabian Horse Bibliography; Ruth Boyd with assistance of Melissa Paul of the W.K. Kellogg Arabian Horse Library, 1985.

Argentinian Jockey Club: Stud Book Argentino, Arabian Section, Vols. II–XI (1894–1925); privately published, Argentina.

Austrian Arabian Breeders (Verband der Vollblutaraber Zuchter): Austrian Arabian Stud Book, Vols. I–III (beginning 1973) with supplements through 1986; G. Eutermoser, Ed., privately published, Klagenfurt, Austria.

Bahrain Government Press: The Amiri Arabian Stud of Bahrain; Danah Al Khalifa, Compiler, Bahrain, 1980. Includes history of the Amiri Stud and history of the various strains. Entries include strain and markings. Profusely illustrated with color photographs. Vol. II (1980–92).

Belgian Arab Society: Belgian Arabian Stud Book: Vol. III (1982–1985); privately published, Belgium.

Blunt, Wilfrid and Lady Anne: Crabbet Stud Catalogs and Sheykh Obeyd Stud Catalogs; multiple issues, privately printed, England.

Blunt, Wilfrid and Lady Anne: Crabbet Stud Herd Books and Sheykh Obeyd Stud Herd Books; unpublished, England.

Brazilian Association of Arabian Horse Breeders (Associacao Brasileira dos Criadores do Cavalo Arabe, Brazil): Brazilian Arabian Stud Book, Livro Internacional No. 1, Comprende Registro Genealogico dos Cava los Arabes no Brasil, Vols. 1–7; privately published, 1980.

Canadian Arabian Horse Association (later Canadian Arabian Horse Registry) Canadian Arabian Stud Book, Vols. 1–13 (beginning 1962); privately published, Canada.

Davenport, Homer: Davenport Desert Arabian Stud; privately printed catalogs, Morris Plains, New Jersey, 1907, 1909–10; the latter reprinted by Best Publishing Co., Boulder, Colorado, 1967. Gives background information about the importation of Arabians by Homer Davenport; lists the horses in the stud by strain. Illustrated with photographs and some ancestral information.

Davenport, Homer: The World's Fair Arabians; privately printed catalog, Morris Plains, New Jersey, 1906–7.

Egyptian Arabian Pedigrees: formal pedigrees from the Royal Agricultural Society, Manial Stud and the Stud of Prince Kamal al-Din for the 1932 Babson and Brown importations from Egypt; on file at the Arabian Horse Trust, Westminster, Colorado, and in private ownership.

Egyptian Arabian Herd Book/Ahmed Hamza: Hamdan Stables; Le Scribe Egyptian, Cairo, Egypt, 1969. A private herd book with background information about Hamdan Stud and stock bred. Illustrated with photographs and some ancestral information.

Egyptian Arabian Herd Book/Egyptian Agricultural Organization: The Inshass Original Herd Book; Dr. M. El Marsafi, Ed., Terra Publishing Co., Netherlands, 1973. English translation of the original Inshass herd book and introductory information. Illustrated with photographs and some ancestral information.

Egyptian Arabian Herd Book/Sayed Marei: The Egyptian Badeia Stud, Vols. 1972, 1973, 1974, 1976, 1979, 1984, 1985; Al Ahram Press, Cairo, Egypt. A private herd book with background information about the Al Badeia Stud and stock bred. Illustrated with photographs and some ancestral information.

Egyptian Arabian Stud Book/Egyptian Agricultural Organization: The Arabian Stud Book, Vols. II–VI (through 1987); Cairo, Egypt. Official government stud book of the EAO. Illustrated with photographs and some ancestral information.

Egyptian Arabian Stud Book/Royal Agricultural Society: History of the RoyaI AgricuItural Society's Stud of Authentic Arabian Horses; Dr. Abdel Alim Ashoub, Ed., Cairo, Egypt, 1948. Official government stud book of the RAS. Background information on the forming of the RAS and the acquisition of its breeding foundation stock. Illustrated with photographs and some ancestral information.

Weatherby's: General Stud Book, Arabian Section: Vols. XII–-XXV (1874–1924); privately published, England.

German Arabian Stud Book: Araber Stutbuch von Deutschland, VolIblutaraber, Band I; Reg.‑Direktor Dr. Otto Saenger, Olms Presse, Hildesheim, Germany and New York, 1974.

German Arabian Stud Book: Deutsches Stutbuch fur Arabische Vollbluter, Vols. I–III (1978–82) plus supplements; Equidata, Delingsdorf, Germany.

German Arabian Stud Books: Stutbuch von Weil, Stuttgart, 1908; Stutbuch Weil‑Marbach 1817–1971; Marbach Stud, Dr. Georg Wenzler, Ed., Meisenbach K.G., Bamberg, Germany, 1972.

Hungarian Stud Book, Arabian Section: Arab Meneskonyv, Vols. I–III (1976–85) plus supplements; Bábolna State Stud, Hungary.

International Arabian Horse Registry of North America: Stud Book, Vol. I; Delphi Falls, New York, 1983. Stud book of the USDA-recognized IAHRONA (later AIR), registering properly submitted horses in US and Canada that are recognized as purebred Arabian by any national government. Volume 1 contains entries from 1939–81 and includes a progeny section.

Israel Arab Horse Society: Israel Arabian Stud Book, Vol. III (beginning 1968); Beersheva, Israel, 1983. Stud book of horses imported to or bred in Israel. Several photographs. Contains extended pedigrees as well as markings of entries.

Moroccan Ministry of Agriculture: Moroccan Arabian Stud Book; Vol. I, Kingdom of Morocco, 1982.

Netherlands Arabian Stud Book: Arabisch Paarden Stamboek; Netherlands, 1971.

Netherlands Arabian Stud Book: Uitgegeven door de Vereniging Arabische Volboedpaarden Stamboek, Vols. I–II (1935–83); Bilthoven, Netherlands.

Radautz Stud Herd Book; handwritten records of the 19th and early 20th centuries; published by Hans Brabenetz, see reference p285.

Spanish Stud Book: Registro--Matricula de Caballos y Yeguas, Arabian Section, Vol. XXXIX; Madrid, 1984.

Swedish Arabian Stud Book: Svenskt Register och Stambok over Hastar av Arabiskt FuIIblod, 1974; supplements, 1975, 1976, 1977; re‑issue, 1978, Skara, Sweden, 1982. No photographs. Earlier volume includes progeny listing, supplements include extended pedigrees.

Swiss Arabian Stud Book: Schweizer Zuchtgenossenschaft fur Arabische Pferde, Vols. I–III (beginning in 1975); Frauenfeld, Switzerland.

Syrian Ministry of Agriculture and Agrarian Reform: Syrian Stud Book, Vol. I, Damascus, Syria, 1989.


Al Khalifa, Danah: The Living Treasures of Bahrain; Oriental Press, Bahrain, 1971. Profusely illustrated with color and black and white photography of purebred Arabian horses of the Royal Stud of Bahrain. Includes some background on Bahrain's historic Arabian horse breeding as well as some poetry.

Al Khamsa, Inc.: The Al Khamsa Directory; privately published, 1976. The first definitive volume on Al Khamsa Arabians with organizational and ancestral introduction by Carol Lyons and Jackson Hensley. Includes a directory of owners/breeders in the US and Canada as well as a pedigree index and sponsor/supporter section.

Al Khamsa, Inc.: Al Khamsa Arabians; privately pub-lished, 1983. An expanded volume based on the first 1976 Directory, this large hardbound book gives detailed background, including tribal information, a glossary, an anthology of Arabian horse literature and extensive appendices, explaining Ancestral Elements, a detailed table of all Al Khamsa Foundation horses, pedigree notes and bibliography. There is a directory section of breeders/owners in North America as well as a foreign section and full pedigree index. Also contains an sponsor/supporter section.

Al Khamsa, Inc.: Al Khamsa Arabians II; privately published, 1993. A much expanded volume based on the Al Khamsa Arabians (1983), this book also gives detailed background, including tribal information, a glossary, a historical timeline and an anthology of Arabian horse literature. Greatly expanded and illustrated are sections on Ancestral Elements, cataloging of all Al Khamsa Foundation horses divided into historical context of pre- and post-registration (including a European section), pedigree notes and bibliography. Given the scope of the academic background information there is no directory format in this volume but a full pedigree index, noting tail male and tail female information, followed by a progeny section. The result is comparable to being a herd book of all Al Khamsa Arabians extant at the time of publication. Also contains an sponsor/supporter section.

Al Khamsa, Inc.: Al Khamsa Arabians II, 1998 Update; privately published, 1998. Hardbound. An updated companion volume to Al Khamsa Arabians II, providing an extension of Al Khamsa Arabians not born or covered in the previous volume of extant horses. Includes information on added foundation horses, additional pedigree notes and errata to volume II. Like its parent volume, it contains an extensive pedigree index, progeny section and sponsor/supporter section.

Al Khamsa, Inc.: Al Khamsa Arabians Directory, 1996; privately published, 1996. Returning to the useful directory format introduced in the 1976 directory, this paperback includes explanation of Ancestral Elements and key to abbreviations, followed by a state by state directory of Al Khamsa horses submitted by their owners/breeders in the US and Canada. Also contains an sponsor/supporter section.

Al Khamsa, Inc.: Al Khamsa Arabians Directory, 2003; privately published, 2003. An updated version of its predecessor the 1996 directory, this larger paperback includes explanation of Ancestral Elements and key to abbreviations, followed by a state by state directory of Al Khamsa horses submitted by their owners/breeders in the US and Canada. Also contains an sponsor/supporter section.

Al Khamsa, Inc.: The Khamsat Anthology. privately published, 1991. An anthology of 16 carefully selected articles reprinted from previous issues of Khamsat magazine from 1981–90.

Ammon, Karl Wilhelm: Historical Reports from Early Travelers on Arab Horse Breeding and the Arabian Horse; first published as Nachrichten von der Pferdzucht der Araber and den Arabischen Pferden, Nuremberg, 1834; reprinted in German in 1972 and in English by Olms Presse, Hildesheim, Germany, and New York, 1993. An anthology rich in historical accounts and descriptions regarding Arabian horses and their breeding.

Arab Horse Society (England): The Journal of the Arab Horse Society 1935‑1938; Alexander Heriot & Co. Ltd., Gloucestershire, England, 1979. An anthology of features from the 1935-38 issues of the annual publication of the Arab Horse Society in England. Of interest to Al Khamsa enthusiasts for its accounts by various writers of Arabians in Europe and the Middle East.

Archer, Rosemary; Pearson, Colin and Covey, Cecil: The Crabbet Arabian Stud. Its History and Influence; Alexander Heriot & Co., Ltd., Gloucestershire, England, 1978. Numerous photographs. The story of historic Crabbet Stud, England, and its founders, Wilfrid and Lady Anne Blunt, their daughter, Lady Wentworth, and of the Blunt's Sheykh Obeyd Stud in Egypt. Compiled in part from family papers, this book contains much material on Blunt foundation stock, as well as information on the influence of these horses in other countries.

Asil Club: Asil Araber (Vol. I, 1977; Vol. II, 1980; Vol. III, 1985; Vol. IV, 1993; Vol. V, 2000; Vol. VI, 2007); Olms Presse, Hildesheim, Germany and New York. The Asil Club is the European equivalent of Al Khamsa, Inc., with members in many countries around the world. The two major sections in each volume contain an anthology of basic statements from the literature on the breeding of Arabian horses. Profusely illustrated with 19th century art and a collection of pictures and corresponding pedigrees of individual horses of the members. Most quotations are translations from non-English literature and are informative to the American reader.

Azpietade Moros, Luis: En Buscar del Caballo Arabe; Comision a Oriente. Memorias de Viage Turkey, Syria, Mesopotamia, Palestine; Spanish commission to purchase Arabian horses in their homeland, 1905. Published in recent English translation as In Search of the Arabian Horse, by Tales of the Breed, Spain.

Bakels, Frederik: The Asil Arabian in the Light of New Genetic Knowledge; Olms Presse, Hildesheim, Germany, and New York, 1981. Soft cover. 1979 lecture given to the Asil Club.

Blunt, Lady Anne: Bedouin Tribes of the Euphrates; Harper & Brothers, New York, 1879. An account of Wilfrid and Lady Anne Blunt's first trip (1877–8) to the Arabian desert, the purchase of horses later sent to Crabbet, and several chapters on Bedouin customs, horse breeding and strains of the horses. llustrated with old engravings.

Blunt, Lady Anne: Journals and Correspondence 1878–1917; Rosemary Archer and James Fleming Ed., Alexander Heriot & Co. Ltd, Cheltenham, Glos. England, 1986. A presentation of many of Lady Anne Blunt's private writings. This book gives insight into the perspective of the Blunts' on the Arab horse both in his native land and in Europe.

Blunt, Lady Anne: A Pilgrimage to Nejd; originally published by John Murray, London, 1881; new impres-sion (2 volumes) by Frank Cass & Co. Ltd., London, 1968. The Blunt's second trip (1878-9), this time farther into the interior of the Arabian desert, with descriptions of horses. Illustrated with old engravings.

Blunt, Wilfrid Scawen: My Diaries (2 volumes); Alfred A. Knopf, New York 1921.

Bond, Guillermo (Rafael Ayerza): Caballos Arabes del Haras 'El Aduar'; Peuser, Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1946.

Borden, Spencer: The Arab Horse; Doubleday, Page & Co., New York, 1906. Borden's stated purpose in this book was to encourage the maintenance of the purity of the original breed through knowledge of the Arab's history, characteristics, qualities, and strains.

Boucaut, Sir James Penn: The Arab, the Horse of the Future; Gay & Bird, London, 1905. Former prime Minister of South Australia, Boucaut builds the case for identifying the gradual deterioration of the Thoroughbred and the Australian horse. He cites the excellence of the Arabian horse and makes the case for the Arabian horse as the solution to halting deterioration and hails it as the horse of the future. Includes some interesting early photographs of Blunt-bred stock in Australia.

Brabenetz, Hans: Das KK. Staatsgestüt Radautz und Seiner Pferde; ISG‑Verlag, Gerlikon, Switzerland, 1987.

Brown, William Robinson: The Horse of the Desert; originally published by Derrydale Press, 1929; new edition The MacMillan Co., New York, 1947; re‑issued by The Jay Shuler Co., Inc., Springville, New York, 1967. The book contains a complete background on the Arabian horse. It covers the habitat that fixed the Arabian type, its origin, history, qualities, and usefulness for cavalry. Brown has included an extensive list of the strains and families of Arabian horses, along with his opinion that "the indiscriminate mixture of strains by breeders... has led to an inevitable loss of type much more quickly than the uninformed would suppose."

Buckman‑Linard, Sara: My Horse, My Love; T. Fisher Unwin, London, 1898.

Collie, Keith: Spirit of the Wind, The Horse in Saudi Arabia; Immel Publishing, London, 1982. Color photos.

Conn, George H.: The Arabian Horse in America; A.S. Barnes & Co., New York, 1972. Dr. Conn presents thoroughly researched information on the Arabian horse and its influence on the light breeds. The book contains complete lists of all horses of Arabian breeding, purebred and partbred, imported to this country between 1730 and 1948. It describes the evolution of the Arabian Horse Registry.

Conn, George H.: The Arabian Horse in Fact, Fantasy, and Fiction: A.S. Barnes & Co., New York, 1959. A compilation of lore, legend and factual information to aid the reader in getting a more accurate picture of the Arabian horse largely by dispelling some of the misconceptions. Through excerpts of a great diversity of early writers, Mr. Conn provides an informative panorama of human sentiment on the Arabian horse.

Davenport Arabian Horse Conservancy: Davenport Arabian Horses, A Collection of Articles; Jeanne Craver, Ed., Seauphah Publishing Assoc., Inc., Winchester, Illinois, 2004.

Davenport, Homer: My Quest of the Arabian Horse; B.W. Dodge & Co., New York, 1909; annotated ed. The Annotated Quest; Seauphah Publishing Assoc. Inc., Hillview, Illinois, 1992. The 1909 edition gives an entertaining and factual account of the purchase of Arabian horses from the Bedouins of Arabia. Contains descriptive material on the foundation animals of the Davenport Ancestral Element. Photographs and Davenport's drawings add to the enrichment of the book. The 1992 annotated version gives a thorough, bigger picture view of the Davenport importation to America through many informative and factual annotations and side bars as well as cataloging the 20th century status of Davenport Arabian horses. Many interesting photographs.

Dickinson, Gen. J.M.: Catalog of Travelers Rest Arabian Horses; privately published catalogs of various dates and reprints, Nashville, Tennessee and Santa Barbara, California. Illustrated with photographs and ancestral information on Arabians of the Travelers Rest Stud. Including some, imported horse information as well as show, performance, and racing information.

Dickson, Col. H.R.P.: TThe Arab of the Desert; George Allen & Unwin Ltd., London, 1949. Mr. Dickson was British Political Agent to Kuwait for many years and a scholar regarding that part of the world. This interesting book gives a close insight into Bedouin life in Kuwait and Saudi Arabia. It has only one chapter on the Arabian horse, but that chapter is informative.

Fippen, John W.: Heirloom Egyptian Arabian Horses 1840–2000, privately published by the John W. Fippen Family, St. Joseph, Illinois, 2004. Beginning with identifying the Heirloom breeding group of Al Khamsa horses and a thorough background of its formation, this book catalogs and analyzes through numerous ancestral charts and listings, the complete Heirloom breeding group from 1840–2000. Includes extensive pedigree notes including witness accounts on many of these horses. Also included are charts of analysis and informative articles of the status of Heirloom Arabians in breeding and performance. Profusely illustrated with many photographs.

Flade, Dr. h.c. Johannes Erich : Janow Podlaski und die Polnische Araberzucht; tebasil-Verlag, Germany, 1997.

Fleming, James (ed.): The Courthouse Arabian Stud [of H.V. Musgrave-Clark]; Alexander Heriot & Co., Ltd, Cheltenham, Glos., England, 1992.

Forbis, Judith: Authentic Arabian Bloodstock; Ansata Publications, Mena, Arkansas, 1990. An extensive anthology of 30 years of the Forbises' writings, life experience and knowledge gained concerning Arabian horses while traveling and living in the Middle East. Includes chapters on Prince Mohamed Aly, Dr. Branch, the Inshass Stud, strains, extensive racing statistics and much more. Includes many, many photos of horses from turn of the century to present, making this one of the most pictorial records of the ancestors of Egyptian Arabians.

Forbis, Judith: Authentic Arabian Bloodstock II, The Story of Ansata and Sharing the Dream; Ansata Publications, Mena, Arkansas, 2003. This second volume focuses on the philosophy and art of breeding Arabian horses and provides a detailed history of the Ansata Arabian Stud breeding program. It includes a herd book section giving detailed account of nearly every Ansata horse bred from the 1959 importation to 2002 presented by strain, and giving history of each strain. There is an illustrated chapter giving original descriptions and photos from the Von Szandtner personal herd book at the EAO, supplemented by other descriptions and pictures of many ancestors of Egyptian Arabians. A retrospective on the influence of stallions of Ansata breeding is followed by a pictorial chapter of other breeders worldwide who have utilized this breeding program.

Forbis, Judith: The Classic Arabian Horse; Liveright, New York, 1976. Mrs. Forbis traces Arabian horse history from 1580BC to the present. Photographs of ancient and modern art depict horses of past and present, the conditions under which they were kept, how they were trained and how the strains were developed. Emphasis is on the Egyptian Arabian horse.

Forbis, Judith: Hoofbeats Along the Tigris; J.A. Allen & Co., Ltd., London, 1970. An adventurous and informative account of the early years of Judith Forbis in the Middle East. Includes accounts of her challenging racing experiences as a woman jockey in the Middle East as well as considerable information on racing and breeding Arabians and Eastern horses in Turkey and neighboring regions.

Forbis, Judith and Sherif, Gulsun: The Abbas Pasha Manuscript, Ansata Publications, Mena, Arkansas, 1993. A classical and artistic book in the style of an old manuscript. Divided into four parts including 19th century Arabian horse history in Europe and the Middle East. Part 3 contains the Abbas Pasha Manuscript, an English translation of the Bedouin testimonies of the ancestry of the Arabian horses in the collection of 19th century Egyptian Viceroy Abbas Pasha.

Forbis, Judith and Schimanski, Walter: The Royal Arabians of Egypt and the Stud of Henry B. Babson; Thoth Publishers, Waco, Texas, 1976. A history of the stud founded by Mr. Babson in 1932 from Egyptian stock, with extensive research of the entire bloodline deriving from this importation, including the sources in Egypt. Numerous photos including many never before published. Babson Egyptian stock is cataloged, including progeny, from the 1932 importation to 1970.

Frey, Dr. Otto: Das Arabische Pferd—150 Jarhe Weil-Marbach; Hadlaub-Verlag, Winterthur, Germany, 1968.

Gesellschaft der Zuchter und Freunde des Arabischen Pferdes: Arabische Pferde; Universitats-Buchdruckerei Joh. Aug. Koch, Marburg, Germany, soft cover, n.d., c1955.

Greely, Margaret: Arabian Exodus; J.A. Allen & Co., Ltd., London, 1975. A record of the Arabian horse from biblical times to the present day with emphasis on England, especially the Crabbet Stud and its influence throughout the world. The historical material—photographs and excerpts from Blunt papers—is of special importance.

Guarmani, Carlo: The Purebred Arabian Horse; first published as El Kamsa, Bologna, Italy, 1864 (translated from original French mss. by Dr. A. Feletti); facsimile reprint by Falcon Press, Italy, 1977; English edition by Immel Publishing, Jiddah, Saudi Arabia, 1984 (translated by Philip Ward). Illustrated with both art and color photos of Saudi Arabian horses. English translation signed by Gen. William Tweedie published (along with Journey to Najd, by Guarmani) by A Tale of the Breed, Seville, Spain, 2004. Reflecting knowledge gained over a 16-year journey through Egypt, Palestine, Syria and northern Arabia, Guarmani gives an informative background on the Arabian horse including Bedouin customs, lore, and superstitions.

Guttmann, Ursula: The Lineage of the Polish Arabian Horse; Ernst Holder, Marbach/Lauter Germany, 1968. Translation by Erika Schiele, discussion by Dr. F.B. Klynstra. For those interested in exploring the background of early European breeding, this is an excellent reference. Many large pedigree forms make this a costly book.

Harris, Albert W: The Blood of the Arab; Arabian Horse Club of America, Chicago, 1941. A standard work on the origins of Arabian breeding in America by one of the breeders who was there at the beginning.

Heck-Melnyk, Hansi: The Straight Egyptian Index, Vols. 1-6; privately published, Hawthorne, Florida, 1991. Created as a signed and numbered limited edition, this index of "Straight Egyptian" Arabians, as the author has defined it, provides a comprehensive pedigree cataloging of horses from the "desert beginning" to 1994. It is a very thorough index providing ancestral information including: name, alternate names, complete foaling date/year of birth when known, parentage, country of origin stud book entry numbers, strain, breeder, owner, importer in some instances, as well as "Blue Catalog referenced" classification and parentage questions footnoted for some entries. The first volume, covering desert–1960, sometimes gives progeny as well but later volumes are devoted exclusively to providing progeny for earlier entries and supplemental information is added to each volume. One of the most comprehensive catalogings of horses connected to Egypt.

Heck-Melnyk, Hansi: The Abbas Pasha–Ali Pasha Sharif Collection, in 3 volumes, soft‑cover, privately published, Hawthorne, Florida, 1991. In the pattern established in the above mentioned Straight Egyptian Index, the author has cataloged horses of lineage from Abbas Pasha I and his successors and their contemporaries as introduced in the beginning of the first volume of this three-volume series. The next two volumes are progeny references for the first volume. Again, a very thorough document of horses connected to early Egypt.

Hecker, Dr. Walter: Bábolna und seine Araber; ISG-Verlag, Germany, 1994. German translation by Dr. J.E. Flade from the original Hungarian, A babolnai arab lotenyesztes tortenete.

von Hügel, Baron J. and Schmidt, G.L.: Die Gestüte und Meiereien Seiner Majestät des Königs Wilhelm von Württemberg; Verlag von Ebner & Seubert, Stuttgart, Germany, 1861.

Jäger, Dr. A: Das Orientalische Pferd und das Privat-Gestüte Sr., Majestäts des Königs von Württemberg;; Verlag von Adolph Becher, Stuttgart, Germany, 1846. Reprinted by Olms Presse, Hildesheim, Germany, and New York, 1973.

Klynstra, Foppe Bonno: Nobility of the Desert; Olms Presse, Hildesheim, Germany, 1990. English version of the 1978 German Wüstenadl, and the 1974 Dutch Arabische Paarden.

Kwiatkowski, Wojciech: A Guide to the Complete Pedigrees of Arabian Horses from Bábolna, Radowce, Lipica Studs (1790–1992); Kawalkada, Brwinow, Poland, 1994.

Löffler, Edward: Die Österreichische Pferdeankaufsmission unter R.v. Brüdermann in Syrien, Palästina, und der Wüste in den Jahren 1856 und 1857; originally published Troppau, 1860; reprinted by Olms Presse, Hildesheim, Germany, and New York, 1978. (In German)

Mulder, Carol: Imported Foundation Stock of North American Arabian Horses, rev. ed., Vol. I (1991), Vol. II (1993), Vol. III (1995); Borden Publishing Company, Los Angeles. These revised editions are similar to an earlier two volume version by the same author published 1969-72 covering US registration numbers 1–485. This is an informative, thorough record of early Arabians imported to North America, providing detailed information about backgrounds and origins of imports as well as their progeny and multiple photos of each horse when available. Often people having first-hand knowledge of these imports are quoted and referenced. Also included are sire line charts, family charts, strain reference tabulation, information on original breeders including Bedouin tribes, and information on the importers. Volume I covers US registration numbers 2–82. Volume II covers numbers 111–326. Volume III covers numbers 343–518.

Murdoch, Martha/The Pyramid Society: Manual of Straight Egyptian Arabian Horses; The Pyramid Society, Lexington, Kentucky, 1997, with periodic supplements. An extensive pedigree index of Pyramid Society recognized horses from the mid-1800s to recent. This publication gives some background information on the horse in Egypt as well as the RAS and EAO. Entries include name, US registration number, color, sex, birth year, parentage and strain. Also included are North American horse export and import information, as well as gelding, color changes, Canadian only registrations and errata in the supplements. Cleanly presented, the index is quick and easy to use.

Ott, Jane Llewellyn: The Blue Arabian Horse Catalog; Pine Hill Farm, Newport, Vermont, 1961. Based on the author's research, this is an informative cataloging of those horses imported to the USA and their ancestors that trace entirely to the Bedouin tribes and are suitable for reproduction of Bedouin type. This was the first cataloging of its kind in America and a significant influence on preserving Bedouin-oriented bloodlines. Supplements to the Catalog were dated through 1969.

Parkinson, Mary Jane: The Kellogg Arabian Ranch - The First Fifty Years - A Chronicle of Events 1925–1975; Arabian Horse Association of Southern California, Anaheim, 1975. The Kellogg Arabian Ranch - The First Sixty Years - A Chronicle of Events 1925–1985; Cal Poly Kellogg Unit Foundation, Pomona, California, 1984. Update contains nine new chapters.

Pearson, Colin with Kees Mol: The Arabian Horse Families of Egypt; Alexander Heriot & Co. Ltd., Cheltenham, Glos. England, 1988. An informative chronological record of the Arabian horse families Egypt, arranged by sire line and dam line. Thoughtfully introduced by introducing founding breeders and dividing the period of Egyptian breeding into three phases, pre-1914, 1914 to 1952 (RAS), and 1952 to present (EAO). Includes foundation horse tables, extensive ancestral notes, horses untabulated or not listed in official records, and horses exported from Egypt. Many historic photos included.

Piduch, Dr. Erwin: Arabische Pferde von El Zahraa; privately published, Germany, 1981. Produced as a gift in tribute to Egypt's president Anwaar Sadat, this book gives introduction and background of primary horses and root stock bred from at the Egyptian government stud El Zahraa. Divided by strains, it is well illustrated with photos and numerous extended pedigrees as well as Egyptian descendants in Germany.

Piduch, Dr. Erwin: Egypt's Arab Horses; Kentauros‑Verlag, Lienen, Germany, 1988. A broad examination of the history and roots of Arabian breeding in Egypt. It includes many ancestral family charts of the various families of Arabians bred in Egypt. Well illustrated with art and many photos both color and black and white. Includes cultural quotes on the Arabian horse as well as a timeline chart from c2500BC–1981.

Raswan, Carl: The Arab and His Horse. privately published, 1955. The best simple discussion of worldwide Arabian breeding in combination with a presentation of the essentials of Raswan's understanding of the principles according to which horses were bred in desert Arabia. Considerable discussion is given to the principles of strain breeding. New printing, available from Esperanza Raswan.

Raswan, Carl: Black Tents of Arabia; Creative Age Press, New York, 1947. Romantic account of Raswan's life in desert Arabia, with stories of daily life in the Bedouin tribes and their usage of Arabian horses. Various editions, all illustrated, but with varying numbers of photographs. New printing, available from Esperanza Raswan.

Raswan, Carl: A Collection of Articles; originally published in Western Horseman, reprinted by Alice and Robert Payne, Pomona California. A 102–page paperback anthology of numerous articles by Carl Raswan on Arabians which originally appeared in various issues of Western Horseman magazine.

Raswan, Carl: Drinkers of the Wind; Creative Age Press, New York, 1942. Like Black Tents of Arabia, this contains romantic accounts of Raswan's life in desert Arabia, with stories of daily life in the Bedouin tribes and their usage of Arabian horses. Earliest editions of both of these books contain images and appendices not found in later editions. New printing, available from Esperanza Raswan.

Raswan, Carl: The Raswan Index; originally privately published in seven volumes; reprinted in three volumes by I‑Tex Publ. Co., Inc., Ames, Iowa, 1969; reprinted in its entirety in two volumes in larger page format by Esperanza Raswan, 1990. The Index is arranged like a dictionary of Arabian horses, with material gathered from thousands of notes, cards and photographs accumulated in over 30 years of travel. It can be used to trace the pedigrees of many Arabian horses beyond American stud books to Europe and the desert. This is not a simple source, but it is worthwhile to own and study it.

Sannek, Jens and Loewenherz, Bernd: Desert Legacy (Wüstenblut); Verlag Ingrid Zeunert, Gifhorn, Germany, 1997. Story of a trip to discover the current state of Arabian horse breeding in its homeland. Many photos.

Schiele, Erika: The Arab Horse in Europe; English translation, Borden Publishing Co., Alhambra, California, 1970. A survey of the use of Arabian blood in the many countries of Europe and the British Isles. A quality book, full of Mrs. Schiele's exceptional photography.

Schulz, Carol and Carol Neubauer: The Desert Arabian Horse: Definitions, Organizations and Classifications, Dogwood Hill/Landmark Publications, Arkansas and New York, 1985. A simple, yet thorough, easy to read and understand examination of the various organizations, definitions and classifications which have arisen out of various movements to preserve the "desert Arabian horse." Includes useful charts and listings of foundation horses worldwide. Soft cover.

Sherbatov, Prince A.G. and Stroganov, Count S.A.: The Arabian Horse - a Survey; originally published 1900 by State Printing Office, St. Petersburg, Russia; translated by G.I. Vassiltchikov and published by J.A. Allen & Co., London, 1989.

Simpson, Bill, Ed.: Arabiana; privately published, Ft. Akinson, Wisconsin, 1975. An anthology of articles from Your Pony and The International Rider and Driver periodicals, 1959–1974. Soft cover.

Tewfik, Prince Mohamed Aly: Breeding of Pure Bred Arab Horses; originally published by Paul Barbey's Printing Office, Cairo, Egypt, 1935; reprinted by Baird Press, Inc., Rhinebeck, New York, 1975. Besides personal experiences and advice, contains the author's translation of the Abbas Pasha manuscripts.

Towarzystwo Hodowli Konia Arabskiego: Jezdziec i Hodowca; Aleje Ujazdowskie, Warsaw, Poland, 1933. Soft cover.

Tweedie, Major‑General W.: The Arabian Horse, His Country and People; originally published in England, 1894; reproduced by Borden Publishing Co., Los Angeles, 1961. Major-General Tweedie had extensive experience in the British Diplomatic service in the Middle East. His book is handsome and one of the most scholarly accounts of the Arabian horse in its native land by any author having first-hand knowledge of the subject.

Upton, Peter: The Arab Horse; The Crowood Press, Ramsbury, Wilts., England, 1989. A detailed examination of importations of Arabian horses to England.

Upton, Peter: Desert Heritage; Skilton & Shaw, London, 1980. A beautifully illustrated book of Peter Upton's sketches and paintings of individual foundation horses of the Blunts' Crabbet and Sheykh Obeyd Studs. Each illustrated horse also receives interesting annotation, giving an informative and personal touch to understanding the foundation stock acquired by the Blunts.

Upton, Roger D.: Gleanings from the Desert of Arabia; C. Kegan Paul & Co., London, 1881. facsimile reprint by Olms Presse, Hildesheim, Germany, Zurich, Switzerland, and New York, 1985. An account of Roger Upton's 1875 journey throughout the Middle East, giving detailed descriptions of people, culture, religion, Arabian horses, strains and Bedouin tribes. This often quoted book is very informative for its early vantage point.

Upton, Roger D.: Newmarket and Arabia; Henry S. King & Co., London, 1873; facsimile reprint by Olms Presse, Hildesheim, Germany, Zurich, Switzerland, and New York, 1987.

von Wrangel, Baron Carl Gustav: Ungarns Pferdezucht in Wort und Bild; (four volumes), Schickhardt & Ebner, Stuttgart, Germany, 1893–5.

Zaher, Ameen: Arabian Horse Breeding and the Arabians of America; Cairo University Press, Egypt, 1961. Softcover. Former breeding adviser to Egypt's King Faruq and the EAO, this is an interesting analysis of Arabians and their breeding in America by using history and examples from both Egypt and America. Of interest to Al Khamsa readers is the numerical analysis of the influence of prominent individuals on the breeding in America which cites numerous Al Khamsa horses in the tables. Includes many photos.

Articles & Pamphlets

Anon.: "News of the Arab Horse in America," paragraph about *Nejdme; Rider & Driver; 12.16.1893, p21.

Arab Stud Farm: The Arabian Mare Nedjme; private pamphlet, Newburgh, New York, c1900.

Asdikian, Avedis George: articles about the Hamidie importation; The Horseman, 6.15 & 6.22.1897 Chicago, quoted in Conn, 1972 (See under Books).

Blunt, Wilfrid Scawen: "A Visit to Jebel Shammar (Nejd): New Routes through Northern and Central Arabia"; Proceedings of the Royal Geographical Society, London, 1880.

Blunt, Wilfrid Scawen: quoted in "Arab Horses, a visit to a stable where they are bred"; New York Times, 8.11.1889, p16.

Borden, Spencer: "The Arab Horse for Military Service"; The Rasp, Mounted Service School, Fort Riley, Kansas, 1914.

Bowling, A.T., Del Valle, A., Bowling, M.: "A pedigree-based study of mitochondrial D-loop DNA sequence variation among Arabian horses"; Animal Genetics, 2000, 31, pp1–7.

Cadranell, R.J. (with Prof. Mohammad Siddiq): "The Pedigree of an American Foundation Mare and Some of the Difficulties Involved in Translating It"; Arabian Visions, May, 1991, pp44–5.

Chard, Thornton: "From Needham Market to Oyster Bay"; The Horse, May‑June, 1942, pp6–9 and July‑August, 1942, pp11–14.

Crane, Richard, U.S. Minister to China: Westover Stud of Arabian Horses; pamphlet privately published, c1934.

Craver, Charles & Craver, Jeanne: "Horses of the White City;" Arabian Horse World, Sept. 1989, pp134–43 & Nov. 1989, pp178–91, 209–11.

Davenport, Homer Calvin: 'The Arabian Horse—Its Present Place and Mission"; Country Life in America, Aug. 1906.

Davenport, Homer Calvin: advertisement; Country Life in America, Dec. 1906.

Davenport, Homer Calvin: "Arab Horse"; Cyclopedia of American Agriculture, MacMillan Co., 1908, pp446–9.

Davenport, Homer Calvin: "The Arabian Horse"; The Rasp, Mounted Service School, Fort Riley, Kansas, 1912.

Dirks, Debra & Dirks, Jerald: "It All Started with a Goat Farmer"; Our Quest, #32m January, 1994.

Finke, Betty: "A History of Weil‑

Marbach"; Arabian Horse World, March, 1984, p206.

Harlan, Jim: quoted in "An Interview with Jim Harlan of the Arabian Horse Registry"; Barbara Hughes Bunch, Arabian Visions, Jan., 1992.

Mulder, Carol: "Meleky 63 & Aared 91"; Arabian Horse World, Sept., 1976, p69.

Raswan, Carl: "The Drinker of the Air"; article published in Asia, Vol. XXIX, No. 4, April, 1929.

Tattersall's of Chicago, Ltd.: Descriptive List of Imported Arabian Horses; privately published brochure concerning the auction of the Hamidie importation, 1894.

Upton, Peter: "A Phoenix in Time"; article in The Arab Horse Society News, Autumn, 1981 No. 57, England.

Speeches & Correspondence

al‑Badr, Badr: Translations of Davenport importation Arabic documents; private communications, c1990, R.J. Cadranell, Seattle, Washington.

Blunt, Lady Anne: Private Correspondence in W.R. Brown Library, Arabian Horse Owners Foundation, Tucson, Arizona.

Borden, Spencer: Private Correspondence in W.R. Brown Library, Arabian Horse Owners Foundation, Tucson, Arizona.

Bowling, Michael: Private Correspondence concerning Lady Anne Blunt's handwritten herd books; 2.9.1990, 3.2.1990, 5.2.1990 and 4.7.1993, at Craver Farms, Winchester, Illinois.

Bradley, Peter Butler: Private Correspondence in W.R. Brown Library, Arabian Horse Owners Foundation, Tucson, Arizona.

Brown, William Robinson: Private Correspondence in W.R. Brown Library, Arabian Horse Owners Foundation, Tucson, Arizona.

Clark, Ralph: Letter dated 11/9/1989 to Charles Craver at Craver Farms, Winchester, Illinois.

Davenport, Homer: Private Correspondence at Craver Farms, Winchester, Illinois.

El‑Fouly, Dr. M. A.: Translations of Davenport importation Arabic documents; private communication, 1969, at Craver Farms, Winchester, Illinois.

Hampshire, Joyce Gregorian: Speech to the Al Khamsa Convention in Westminster, Colorado, 1990. First published in the Arabian Horse World, July, 1991.

Humphrey, Jack: Letter to W. R. Brown, 3.4.1932; courtesy of Carol Lyons Estate, Dallas, Oregon.

Huntington, Randolph: Private Correspondence in W.R. Brown Library, Arabian Horse Owners Foundation, Tucson, Arizona.

Kadbeh, Ajaj: 1906 translations of Arabic documents for the 1906 Davenport importation, on the back of the concerned documents; at the Arabian Horse Trust, Westminster, Colorado.

Marshall, Douglas B.: Letters from the Middle East; published in the Arabian Horse World, April and June, 1963.

Rabia, Jamal; Rabia, Sahar; Dirks, Debra & Dirks, Jerald: "Kitab Al Hujaj"; series of ten articles in the Khamsat, Vol. 11 No. 3 to Vol. 12 No. 3. (1994–5)

Raswan, Carl: Private Correspondence; Collection of Dr. John Doyle at Craver Farms, Winchester, Illinois.

Raswan, Carl: Private Correspondence in the Collection of Richard Pritzlaff at Craver Farms, Winchester, Illinois.

Schulz, Carol: Speech to the Al Khamsa Convention, Portland, Oregon, 1993.


Background Material

Arabian American Oil Company: Aramco Handbook; Aramco, Netherlands, 1968.

Assad, Thomas J.: Three Victorian Travellers: Burton, Blunt, Doughty; Routledge & K. Paul, London, 1964.

Baker, Russell: King Husain and the Kingdom of Hejaz; Oleander Press, New York, 1979.

Bell, Gertrude: The Desert and the Sown; first published by William Heinemann, 1907; reprinted by Beacon Press, Boston, 1985.

Bidwell, Robin (Intro. by): Arabian Personalities of the early Twentieth Century (sourcebook of British intelligence material); Oleander Press, Cambridge, England, 1986.

Braider, Donald: The Life, History and Magic of the Horse; Grosset & Dunlap, Inc., New York, 1973.

Brent, Peter: Far Arabia; Weidenfeld and Nicholson, London, 1977.

Bruce, Ian: The Nun of Lebanon; Collins, London, 1951.

Budiansky, Stephen: The Nature of Horses; Simon & Shuster, New York, 1997.

Burckhardt, John Lewis: Notes on the Bedouins and Wahabys; H. Colburn & R. Bentley, 1831 (2 vols.), London; Johnson Reprint, New York, 1967.

Clayton, Sir Gilbert Falkingham: An Arabian Diary; Robert O. Collins, Ed., University of California Press, Berkeley & Los Angeles, 1969.

Coon, Carleton Steven: Caravan—The Story of the Mid‑East; Holt, 1958.

Encyclopedia of Archaeology; Daniel, Glyn (Ed.), Thomas Y. Crowell Co., Inc., New York, 1977

Doughty, Charles M.: Travels in Arabia Deserta; originally published by Cambridge University Press, 1888; reprinted by Dover Publications, Inc., New York 1979, in two volumes.

Dunlop, D.M.: Arab Civilization to A.D. 1500; Praeger Publishers, New York, 1971.

Gabrieli, Francesco: The Arabs, A Compact History; Hawthorn Books, New York, 1963.

de Gaury, Gerald: Faisal, King of Saudi Arabia; Arthur Barker LTD, London, 1966.

Glubb, John Bagot (Glubb Pasha): Syria—Lebanon—Jordan; Walker and Company, New York, 1967.

Glubb, John Bagot (Glubb Pasha): War in the Desert; W. W. Norton, Inc., New York, 1960.

Grun, Bernard: The Timetables of History; English ed., Simon & Schuster, Inc., New York, 1975, 1979.

Hansen, Thorkild: Arabia Felix, The Danish Expedition of 1761‑1767; Collins, London, 1964. Translated by James & Kathleen McFarlane.

Hitti, Philip K.: History of the Arabs; McMillan & Co. sixth edition, 1958.

Holden, David and Richard Johns: The House of Saud; Holt, Rinehart and Winston, New York, 1981.

Kinross, Lord: The Ottoman Centuries; Morrow Quill, 1977.

Lacey, Robert: The Kingdom—Arabia and the House of Saud; Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, New York, 1981.

Mansfield, Peter: The Arab World; Thomas Y. Crowell, New York, 1976 (originally published as The Arabs in England in 1976).

Mansfield, Peter: The New Arabians; J.G. Ferguson Publishing Co., Chicago, 1981.

Marsot, Afaf Lutfi al‑Sayyid: Egypt in the Reign of Muhammad Ali; Cambridge Middle East Library Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England, 1984.

Musil, Alois: The Manners and Customs of the Rwala Bedouins; The American Geographical Society, New York, 1928.

de Nerval, Gerard: Journey to the Orient; New York University Press; New York, 1972. Translated by Norman Glass.

Pelly, Lewis: Report on a Journey to the Wahabee Capital of Riyadh in Central Arabia; Education Society's Press, Bombay, 1866; reprinted as Report on a Journey to Riyadh, Falcon Press, Naples, Italy and Oleander Press, New York and Cambridge, England, 1978.

Raswan, Carl: "Tribal Areas and Migration Lines of the North Arabian Bedouins"; article published in Geographical Review, Vol. 20, July, 1930.

Richmond, J.C.B: Egypt 1798‑1952; Columbia University Press, New York, 1977.

Sadleir, G. Forster: Diary of a Journey Across Arabia from El Khatif in the Persian Gulf to Yambo in the Red Sea, During the Year 1819; Education Society's Press, Bombay, 1866; reprinted as Diary of a Journey Across Arabia, Falcon Press, Naples, Italy and Oleander Press, New York and Cambridge, England, 1977.

Schmidt, Margaret Fox: Passion's Child, The Extraordinary Life of Jane Digby; Harper & Row, New York, 1976.

Seabrook, William B.: Adventures in Arabia; George C. Harrap & Co., Ltd., London, 1928.

Stephens, John Lloyd: Incidents of Travel in Egypt, Arabia Petraea, and the Holy Land; originally published in New York, 1837; reprinted by University of Oklahoma Press, 1970; edited by Victor Wolfgang von Hagen.

Thompson, John Wycliffe: "Horse‑Dealing in Syria, 1854"; article in Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine, No. DXXVII, September, 1859, Vol. LXXXVI, England.

Vatikiolis, P. F.: The Modern History of Egypt, 1967.

Wallin, George August: Travels in Arabia (1845 and 1848); originally published in the Journal of the Royal Geographical Society, England; reprinted by Oleander Press, New York, 1979.

Ward, Baldwin H., Ed.: Year: Pictorial History of America; 1955.

Winstone, H. V. F.: Captain Shakespear; Quartet Books, London, Melbourne, New York, 1978.

Winstone, H. V. F.: Leachman 'OC Desert'; Quartet Books, London, Melbourne, New York, 1982.

Winstone, H. V. F. (ed.): The Diaries of Parker Pasha; Quartet Books, London, Melbourne, New York, 1983.

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